Bichon Frise: Dog Breed Information

Country of origin: Belgium / France
Shoulder height: 25 – 30 cm
Weight: 5 – 7 kg
Age: 12 – 15 years
Colour: white
Use: companion dog, companion dog

The Bichon Frise is a happy and adaptable little companion dog that can also be kept well in a city apartment. It is playful, socially acceptable, and likes to go for walks, but does not require any elaborate employment and utilization program.

Origin and history

The Bichon Frisé is an old breed of dwarf dog that was bred in the Canary Islands (Tenerife dogs) as early as the 15th century and brought to mainland Europe from there. The small, white lap dog was particularly popular at the Spanish court and with the French and Italian high nobility. The first breed standard and the name Bichon Frisé (curly lap dog) was not established until 1933.


The Bichon Frise is a small white dog with long, curly hair. The ears are pendulous and also covered with long, curled hair. The tail is carried high over the back. The coat is pure white, eyes and nose are dark.


The Bichon Frise is a happy and playful dog with a very lively and charming personality. He is alert but not an exaggerated barker. It is friendly, open-minded, and free from aggression toward strangers and other dogs. It is affectionate but also has a strong personality and a lot of self-confidence. The bright Bichon is very docile, enjoys learning little tricks, and is easy to train.

Despite its small size, the Bichon Frise is an extremely robust and long-lived dog. He is a persevering walker but does not require extensive hikes to feel fully utilized and comfortable. He also doesn’t have to be busy around the clock but adapts easily to all life situations. This also makes him a very uncomplicated and adaptable companion dog. It also feels comfortable in a smaller space and can therefore also be kept well in a city apartment.

The Bichon Frisé does not shed and is, therefore – similar to the poodle – very allergy-friendly. However, the fur should be brushed regularly – about every two days – so that it does not become matted. It can also be cut into shapes for home use, which makes maintenance easier.

Mary Allen

Written by Mary Allen

Hello, I'm Mary! I've cared for many pet species including dogs, cats, guinea pigs, fish, and bearded dragons. I also have ten pets of my own currently. I've written many topics in this space including how-tos, informational articles, care guides, breed guides, and more.

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