Depending on age and breed, almost half of all dogs are affected by periodontal diseases. As long as this is still in the initial phase – gingivitis – it is reversible. However, periodontitis leads progressively from receding gums to the destruction of the periodontium ligaments to the loss of bone substance in the alveoli to tooth loss.
Researchers have now examined 50 Yorkshire Terriers from different litters from the age of 37 weeks to determine when the animals’ teeth are affected by periodontitis, how quickly the disease progresses, and whether this can be stopped with regular dental care. The results were sobering.
It starts with the canines
Already at 37 weeks, almost all animals (98 percent) showed at least one tooth with a diseased supporting structure in the early stages. Not all dogs, therefore, came to the further examination rounds at the age of 45, 53,,61, and 78 weeks. Even at the first evaluation, they showed periodontitis requiring treatment, had to be subjected to extensive dental treatment for ethical reasons, and were therefore excluded from further study. The canines were the most likely to become ill, followed a few weeks apart by the incisors, the premolars, and finally the molars. After ten months, the number of diseased teeth in the animals examined had doubled.
An interesting finding of the study was that the proportion of affected teeth varied between litters from 15 percent to 55 percent. The authors see this as a possible indication of a genetic cause.
Unfortunately, most of the animals did not allow their teeth to be brushed extensively due to their behavior. Where it did, it played no significant role in the occurrence of periodontitis. The feeding regime had no significant influence either. The authors, therefore, consider it necessary to find alternative ways to prevent plaque build-up that are easy to implement for both dog and owner.
Frequently Asked Question
What to do about periodontal disease in dogs?
Periodontal disease is treated by a thorough cleaning of the teeth at the vet, which also includes cleaning the periodontal pockets.
How much does a dog teeth cleaning with anesthesia cost?
As you can see, this process is lengthy, which is why the anesthesia can also be explained. However, it also explains why dental surgery in dogs causes costs. Such a dental restoration can cost between €60 and €180 for a dog.
How to prevent tartar in dogs?
To prevent or delay the reappearance of tartar, it is necessary to take preventive measures:
include solid food in your pet’s diet;
brush your teeth once or twice a week;
observe the feeding regimen;
give your dog as much water as he needs.
When to clean your dog’s teeth?
The insides are already cleaned by tongue movements. With a little patience, however, the dog will also open its mouth on command and have its entire set of teeth cleaned. It is recommended to clean the dog’s teeth at least twice a week, but daily is best.
What happens if periodontitis is not treated?
If periodontal disease is not treated, there is a risk of tooth loss. In addition, the bacteria can damage the entire organism via the bloodstream. The risk of secondary diseases such as diabetes, stroke, and heart attack increases.
What food for dogs with gingivitis?
Serve your darling warm and especially soft meals. Sage and thyme reduce swelling and help reduce inflammation. However, the most important thing is prevention! Because it is best not to let it get to the point where your dog develops inflamed gums.
What do diseased gums look like in dogs?
Dark red gums: This dark color occurs with heat stroke, then in connection with heavy panting. This is an emergency. However, it can also indicate very advanced gingivitis. Bleeding gums usually occur here.
What is anti-inflammatory in dogs?
Apple cider vinegar in particular has an anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and detoxifying effect. Apple cider vinegar shows its analgesic and itching-relieving effect, especially in small wounds. It also helps with insect bites or minor burns. Mind you, always as support for veterinary treatment.