Shoulder height: 25 – 35 cm
Weight: 8 – 14 kg
Age: 14 – 15 years
Color: fawn, solid or brindle, white piebald
Use: Companion dog, the family dog, companion dog
The French Bulldog is a small mastiff-like dog and belongs to the breed group of companion dogs. French Bulldogs are lovable, playful, and affectionate, but they also keep their head. They are ideal family dogs, but also excellent companions for city singles or older people.
Origin and history
The French Bulldog is descended from small English Bulldogs that came to Normandy with weavers and lace makers in the 19th century. In the Paris area, these were crossed with other dog breeds. The result was a small, prickly-eared Molosser that differed markedly in temperament and appearance from the English Bulldog. American dog lovers soon took notice of the new breed, and the French Bulldog quickly became a popular fashion and companion dog. French Bulldogs are still one of the most popular dog breeds today.
The French Bulldog is a small-sized Molosser dog with a muscular, stocky body, a broad, square head, and long bat ears. The scalp is loose and soft with symmetrical folds. The muzzle is short with powerfully developed cheek muscles and black, thick lips. The lower jaw is very broad and strong and protrudes beyond the upper jaw. The French bulldog’s sturdy hind legs are slightly higher than the front legs.
The French Bulldog’s coat is fine, short, and shiny. It can be fawn, brindle, or piebald. The short coat is very easy to care for.
French Bulldogs are considered intelligent, lovable, affectionate, and cuddly. They are socially well tolerated, but only subordinate themselves to clear leadership. Always keeping their heads, French Bulldogs are very self-confident and know how to assert themselves charmingly. A loving and consistent upbringing is therefore necessary.
French Bulldogs are adaptable – they can be kept in a lively, large family in the country just as well as in a single apartment in the big city. They are also ideal companions for older people. They like to go for walks but are not particularly fond of running and are therefore less suitable for dog sports activities.
Many French Bulldogs suffer from shortness of breath and sometimes snoring. They are also sensitive to heat and cold.