Cavalier King Charles Spaniel: Dog Breed Profile

Country of origin: Great Britain
Shoulder height: 32 – 34 cm
Weight: 5.5 – 8 kg
Age: 10 – 14 years
Color: black and tan, red, white and red, tricolor
Use: Companion dog, companion dog

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an exceptionally good-natured, friendly, and adaptable toy spaniel. It is very affectionate and docile and is also suitable for dog beginners.

Origin and history

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was bred from hunting spaniels and was a favorite companion dog of European nobility for centuries. Breeding reached its historical peak at the court of Charles I and his son Charles II, which is also reflected in many pictures by old masters. The breed was first registered with the Kennel Club in 1892 as King Charles Spaniel. By that time the appearance had changed somewhat, the dogs had become short-nosed. From the mid-1920s, breeding efforts were directed towards the original, long-nosed type until this was recognized as a separate breed in 1945.


With a maximum body weight of 8 kg, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is one of the toy Spaniels. It has silky, straight to slightly wavy long hair. The eyes are large, round, and dark and give the Cavalier a friendly, gentle expression. The ears are long, pendulous, and have plenty of hair. The tail is equally long and well-feathered.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is bred in 4 colors: black and tan, solid red (ruby), white and red (Blenheim), or tricolor (black and white with tan markings).


The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an extremely good-natured, gentle, and affectionate companion dog. It is compatible with other dogs and animals, always friendly to all people and children, is neither nervous nor aggressive. The robust Cavalier is also very adaptable and feels just as comfortable in a large family in the country as in a single household.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is smart and docile. With loving consistency, it is easy to train and therefore also suitable for dog beginners. It needs the closeness of its people and loves exercise and occupation. The enterprising cavalier can also be enthusiastic about dog sports activities.

The long coat is relatively easy to care for, it should only be brushed regularly.

Ava Williams

Written by Ava Williams

Hello, I'm Ava! I have been writing professionally for just over 15 years. I specialize in writing informative blog posts, breed profiles, pet care product reviews, and pet health and care articles. Prior to and during my work as a writer, I spent about 12 years in the pet care industry. I have experience as a kennel supervisor and professional groomer. I also compete in dog sports with my own dogs. I also have cats, guinea pigs, and rabbits.

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