Introduction: Selegiline and its uses in dogs
Selegiline is a medication that is commonly used in dogs to treat cognitive dysfunction syndrome, a condition that is similar to Alzheimer’s disease in humans. It works by increasing the levels of dopamine in the brain, which can improve memory, attention, and behavior. Selegiline is also used in the treatment of canine pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism, a hormonal disorder that causes excessive production of cortisol hormone in dogs. While selegiline is generally well-tolerated by dogs, it can cause a range of side effects that pet owners should be aware of.
Common side effects of selegiline in dogs
Selegiline can cause a number of side effects in dogs, including gastrointestinal, neurological, behavioral, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal and urinary, dermatological, hematological, and immune-related effects. The severity and frequency of these side effects can vary depending on the dose, duration of treatment, and individual dog’s health status. In most cases, the side effects are mild and self-limiting, but in rare cases, they can be serious or life-threatening.
Gastrointestinal side effects of selegiline
Gastrointestinal side effects are among the most common side effects of selegiline in dogs. These can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain, and loss of appetite. These symptoms usually occur within the first few days of treatment and may resolve on their own without any intervention. However, in some cases, the veterinarian may recommend adjusting the dose or using medications to manage these symptoms. It is important to monitor your dog’s eating and drinking habits and report any changes to your veterinarian.