The origin of the monkey pitcher’s name becomes clear when you first look at its round face: the dog breed can be easily recognized by its monkey-like facial hair. In Germany, the dog breed has been widespread since the Middle Ages, although today there are significantly fewer color variations than the original Affenpinscher. If you would like to adopt one of these spirited bundles of fur, take a look at our brief overview of the dog breed.
Characteristics of the Affenpinscher
Affenpinschers can be distinguished from other small dogs at first glance: their head appears very voluminous in relation to their body and their snout is significantly shorter than that of other small pinschers. The average height at the withers is 25-30 cm and they weigh only 4-6 kg. The fur of all dogs is solid black, of medium length, and rough – waves or curls are not desirable for breeding dogs.
The Affenpinscher from head to tail
- The rounded head is surrounded by a heart-shaped mane so that only the nose, mouth, and eyes are visible. The face resembles the facial features of South American monkey species.
- The hair grows radially outwards from the round eyes. The iris should be as dark as possible.
- The ears are set high and visually widen the skull. They bend forward at the tips.
- The neck and body are relatively strong and compact. The back and loins are short and tight.
Forelegs are straight and stocky, hind legs are well flexed and muscular. The paws are short and rounded. The light-footed triple gait is typical for small Pinschers.
- The tail is saber-shaped and of medium length, when excited or happy it is carried over the back.
Similar dog breeds at a glance
- Although the Japanese Chin and Affenpinscher have similar facial features, the breeds do not share a common ancestor. The coat structure and length also differ greatly.
- The Pekingese has a similarly shortened snout with a slight underbite. However, its typical coloring differs clearly from the uniform black of the Affenpinscher.
- Belgian Pygmy Griffons are similar to Affenpinschers in many ways. They have a more prominent mustache than their German counterparts.
- The Bouvier des Flandres is larger and more powerful than the Affenpinscher and its coat is wavy.
The Story of the Affenpinscher: The Rare Pinscher from Germany
As early as the 17th century, Affenpinschers were kept in Germany as so-called Rattlers. They kept bugs out of stables and kitchens and came in all colors and coats. After the introduction of uniform breed standards at the end of the 19th century, they initially belonged to the Miniature Pinschers. Since 1925, the Affenpinscher and Miniature Pinscher have been classified as separate breeds. Both breeds are considered purebred in only one color today.
Possible origins of the German Pinscher breeds
Pinschers have been accompanying coachmen and traders throughout Europe for centuries. In Germany, the little pied pipers guarded carriages and horses during the absence of the coachman and also slept in the stables at night as watchdogs. Affenpinschers are already shown in their current form on woodcuts by Albrecht Dürer from the 15th century.
The Essence of the Affenpinscher: A Breed with Many Facets
Affenpinschers are adaptable and headstrong – whether your pup will develop into an attentive guardian of the house or a lap dog that needs to be cuddled depends on many different factors. In addition to the upbringing and experiences during the first few weeks of life, every dog also has an innate temperament. In every litter, there are daredevils and shy specimens. What all Affenpinschers have in common is their remarkable attachment. Most dogs look for the main caregiver in the house and focus entirely on this person.
A dog with a wide range
- Some Affenpinschers are hyper, others are very calm.
- Some get along well with other animals, others tend to keep strange animals away by barking.
- They are playful and deeply love their playmates and toys.
- Most Affenpinschers are very confident and brave. Nevertheless, they seek the closeness of their master in stressful situations.
A dog with surprising endurance – for whom is the Affenpinscher the right companion?
Affenpinschers have a lot of energy for their size. They often demand longer laps through the park or try to challenge their owners to small fights and games. Although they like to be cuddled and want to be close to their caregivers, they need a lot of activity. In the long run, just going for a walk becomes too boring for them and they look for things to guard or chew on their own. As a single owner, you can hardly meet the needs of your dog. Affenpinschers feel most comfortable in households where there is always something going on and they do not have to be left alone.
Training and Keeping the Affenpinscher
Affenpinschers are ideally suited as companion and therapy dogs, provided they enjoy appropriate socialization as puppies. In the first weeks of life, the dogs should get used to the living conditions in the house and get to know everyday situations. A well-behaved Affenpinscher can accompany you almost anywhere in everyday life. On the way, keep in mind that the animals easily overestimate themselves. In the city, on the beach, or in the park, give your dog a break in the shade and offer him additional snacks and freshwater.
How much exercise does an Affenpinscher need?
Miniature and Affenpinschers are very active, but quickly reach their limits due to their body size and their rather fine stature compared to smaller shepherd dogs. Their undercoat protects them from both cold and heat, so they like to romp outside in any weather. Four to five walks of 10 to 15 minutes each represent the minimum daily exercise for healthy dogs. In addition, you should put in short hours of play with your dog on as many days as possible to keep him happy.