Pomeranian: Dog Breed Information

Country of origin: Germany
Shoulder height: 18 – 22 cm
Weight: 3 – 4 kg
Age: 12 – 15 years
Color: black, brown-white, orange, grey-shaded, or cream
Use: Companion dog

The Miniature Spitz or Pomeranian belongs to the German Spitz group and is a very popular companion dog, especially in the USA and England. With a maximum shoulder height of 22 cm, it is the smallest of the German Spitz.

Origin and history

The Pomeranian is said to be descended from the Stone Age peat dog and is one of the oldest dog breeds in Central Europe. Numerous other races have emerged from it. The German Spitz group includes the Wolfsspitz, the Grobspitz, the Mittelspitz or Kleinspitz, and the Pomeranian. Around 1700 there was a large population of white spitz in Pomerania, from which the name Pomeranian for dwarf spitz, which is still in use today, is derived.


The lace is characterized by a particularly beautiful fur. Due to the thick, fluffy undercoat, the long topcoat looks very bushy and protrudes from the body. The thick, mane-like fur collar and the bushy tail that rolls over the back are particularly striking. The fox-like head with quick eyes and pointy little ears set close together gives the Spitz its characteristic perky appearance. With a shoulder height of 18-22 cm, the Pomeranian is the smallest representative of the German Spitz.


For its size, the Pomeranian has enormous self-confidence. It is very lively, barks, and playful – alert but always friendly. The Pomeranian is extremely affectionate towards its owner. It is completely immersed in its reference person.

The Pomeranian is very docile and prefers to accompany its master or mistress everywhere. So it is also a good travel companion who can easily adapt to all circumstances – the main thing is that the caregiver is with you. Although it likes to go for walks, it does not need any sporting challenges. Therefore, it is particularly well suited as an apartment or city dog ​​and an ideal companion for older or less mobile people. Even working people who want to take their dog to work will have no problems with the little Pomeranian. On the other hand, it is not so suitable for particularly sporty and lively families with small children. The long coat requires careful and intensive care.

Ava Williams

Written by Ava Williams

Hello, I'm Ava! I have been writing professionally for just over 15 years. I specialize in writing informative blog posts, breed profiles, pet care product reviews, and pet health and care articles. Prior to and during my work as a writer, I spent about 12 years in the pet care industry. I have experience as a kennel supervisor and professional groomer. I also compete in dog sports with my own dogs. I also have cats, guinea pigs, and rabbits.

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