The Bolognese is not only very intelligent but also very attentive. Find out everything about the behavior, character, activity and exercise needs, training, and care of the Bolognese dog breed in the profile.

There is hardly any dog ​​breed that has historical mention as far back as the Bolognese. This was mentioned as early as the 12th century. According to expert opinion, the Bolognese, like the Maltese, dates back to Roman times. The noblemen considered the Bolognese, which was considered very noble at the time, as a luxury dog ​​and as a gift for close friends. Above all, the Bolognese was a sign of power. Cosmo di Medici, Philip II, and many other rulers had a Bolognese and also took care of breeding these dogs. Later, the Bolognese became more and more a fashion dog and socially acceptable among the entire population.

General Appearance

The Bolognese can be described as a small, white, long-haired dog. The length of the body corresponds approximately to the height at the withers. The Bolognese’s head is of medium length and is always carried upright. The eyes are wide open, the long ears hang far down. The tail is curved like a bow and goes over the dog’s back. The Bolognese’s hair is completely white with no other coloring, and the coat is very long, soft, and loosely fluffy rather than close-lying.

Behavior and temperament

The Bolognese is considered a very alert and spirited dog that is very active but cannot be described as hyperactive. Instead, it is a cheerful fellow who is particularly fond of children and is also alert. He is a loyal family dog ​​that enriches family life and also shows a very affectionate nature. In addition, the Bolognese is very docile.

Need for employment and physical activity

The Bolognese’s need for exercise is limited. Although he is very active, short distances are enough for him. It is therefore a dog breed that can also be kept in the apartment and is suitable for the city. Long distances and extensive walks are not a problem for the Bolognese, but they are not absolutely necessary either.


The Bolognese is not only very intelligent but also very attentive. This makes him an easily trainable dog that learns quickly and does not cause any problems due to his close relationship with the owner. The Bolognese is wary of strangers but not aggressive.


Grooming is a big issue with this dog breed. The Bolognese needs to be combed well every day (sometimes even more than once) and bathing should also be part of the daily routine to keep the coat nice and white. You rarely find loose hair on the Bolognese, but dirt particles quickly get stuck on the paws, belly, and ears, or encrustations form.

Disease Susceptibility / Common Diseases

As is often the case with dwarf dog breeds, the PL (loose kneecap) occurs frequently. Furthermore, the teeth should be well cared for, since tartar often occurs at an early age.

Did you know?

With the Bolognese, not only grooming is of great importance. The eyes must be specially cared for, otherwise, the animal may have tear marks on its face.

Mary Allen

Written by Mary Allen

Hello, I'm Mary! I've cared for many pet species including dogs, cats, guinea pigs, fish, and bearded dragons. I also have ten pets of my own currently. I've written many topics in this space including how-tos, informational articles, care guides, breed guides, and more.

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