High calcium levels in dogs, also known as hypercalcemia, can be a serious health concern. It occurs when the calcium levels in the blood are higher than normal. This condition can affect dogs of any age, breed, or gender. If left untreated, it can lead to serious health complications and even death. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for high calcium levels in dogs.
Understanding High Calcium Levels in Dogs
Calcium is an essential mineral that plays a vital role in several body functions, including muscle and nerve function, blood clotting, and bone health. In dogs, the normal calcium levels in the blood range from 8.8 to 11.3 mg/dL. When the calcium levels exceed this range, it can lead to hypercalcemia. High calcium levels can affect several organs in the body, including the kidneys, heart, and gastrointestinal tract. It can cause dehydration, lethargy, vomiting, and loss of appetite.
Causes of High Calcium Levels in Dogs
Several factors can cause high calcium levels in dogs. The most common cause is an underlying medical condition, such as kidney disease, cancer, hyperparathyroidism, Addison’s disease, or hypervitaminosis D. Other causes include dehydration, excessive calcium supplementation, and certain medications. In some cases, the cause of hypercalcemia may be idiopathic, meaning the underlying cause is unknown. It is crucial to identify the underlying cause to provide appropriate treatment and prevent further health complications.