Welsh Terrier: Dog Breed Characteristics & Facts

Country of origin: Great Britain
Shoulder height: 39 cm
Weight: 9 – 10 kg
Age: 12 – 15 years
Colour: black or grizzle with tan
Use: hunting dog, companion dog, the family dog

The Welsh Terrier is a medium-sized, happy, and spirited dog with a strong personality. It needs clear leadership and consistent training. With enough activity and exercise, the Welsh Terrier can also be kept in the city.

Origin and history

The Welsh Terrier is often thought of as a smaller version of the Airedale Terrier due to its physical resemblance – but its origins go back much further than its larger cousin. As early as the 10th century, the ” Black and Tan Terrier ” – as the Welsh Terrier was originally called – was used to hunt foxes, badgers, and otters. In the inaccessible valleys of Wales, this dog breed developed relatively independently. In continental Europe, the breed only became known after the First World War – and also mainly as a companion dog.


With a shoulder height of about 40 cm, the Welsh Terrier is a medium-sized dog. It has a roughly square, compact body, small, expressive eyes, and a brisk look. The ears are V-shaped, set high, and folded forward. The tail is carried proudly erect, formerly it was more commonly docked.

The Welsh Terrier’s fur is wiry, hard, and very dense and, together with the soft undercoat, provides optimum protection against the cold and wet. As with many terrier breeds, it must be professionally trimmed regularly. The Welsh Terrier’s saddle is black or grizzle (gray mottled), and the head and legs are a rich tan color.


The Welsh Terrier is a happy, lovable, intelligent, and alert dog. Like most terrier breeds, it is characterized by fearlessness, courage, and a dashing temperament. It is alert but not a barker. It only reluctantly tolerates strange dogs in its territory.

The Welsh Terrier, who likes to act independently, needs sensitive, consistent training and clear leadership of the pack, which he will always question. Puppies must be accustomed to strange dogs early on and need clear boundaries.

Welsh Terriers are very active, playful, willing to work, and have stamina. They need a lot of work and exercise, so they are not suitable for lazy people. With the appropriate physical and mental workload, the sociable fellow can also be kept well in a city apartment.

The coat requires regular professional trimming but is easy to care for and does not shed.

Mary Allen

Written by Mary Allen

Hello, I'm Mary! I've cared for many pet species including dogs, cats, guinea pigs, fish, and bearded dragons. I also have ten pets of my own currently. I've written many topics in this space including how-tos, informational articles, care guides, breed guides, and more.

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