Dachshund Dog Breed Information

The Dachshund: a Dog With a Courageous Temperament

In order to better understand the nature and temperament of the Dachshund, its origin should not be forgotten. Anyone who knows the development background is able to competently adapt to the characteristics of the Dachshund dog breed and to take the right behavior and educational measures.

Originally the dachshund (also called dachshund or dachshund) was bred to hunt underground. He was targeted on predators such as the badger, which are basically superior to the dachshund. This explains why the dachshund still has a courageous, self-confident, decisive, and combative nature even today.

What is Special About a Dachshund?

The character of the dachshund can be derived very well from the original area of application. The pronounced self-confidence is explained by the fact that the dachshund was left on its own when hunting in buildings: there was no one here who could guide him in dangerous situations.

This also makes it clear why the Dachshund’s willingness to bond is not as pronounced as in other dog breeds. Nonetheless, knowledgeable and patient handlers have the opportunity to develop a very intense relationship with their dog. Therefore, it is advisable to consistently train a Dachshund from puppy age.

The same applies to dealing with other dogs, because here too the dachshund often shows little respect due to their pronounced self-confidence, even towards large dogs. The stubbornness that the dachshund is often accused of can be controlled very well if the animal is consistently led from an early age.

Sometimes the dachshund is also called ‘aardvark’. This refers to his passion for digging, which goes back to his use as a hunting dog. Dog owners with a garden should definitely give the animal this freedom and accept that the dog will use parts of the garden for himself and plow them up a bit – this is an essential part of keeping the Dachshund dog breed in a species-appropriate manner.

The key to success lies in motivation: Basically, the dog owner just has to find out which means he can best motivate his dog. With a healthy dose of perseverance, consistency, and perseverance, a Dachshund can be trained just like any other dog breed.

The Essence of the Dachshund at a Glance

  • stubborn
  • independent
  • smart
  • brave
  • brave
  • playful
  • less willing to commit than other races
  • likes to dig
  • combative
  • decisive
  • has hunting instinct

Are Dachshunds Cuddly?

This certainly has to do with the individual character of an animal, but Dachshunds are usually friendly and cuddly. They like to be petted or tummy and enjoy the attention of their people. Just because a dachshund is independent and often makes its own decisions doesn’t mean that it doesn’t have a cuddly cheek.

Are Dachshunds Snappy?

No dog is born vicious. If Dachshund snaps or bites, something has gone wrong. He may have had bad experiences or was simply brought up incorrectly. For example, the dachshund looks cute to many people and that’s why it is not uncommon for them to want to touch them. They bend menacingly over him or towards him and touch his head. Something that many dogs don’t like at all, or at least don’t like from strangers. Depending on the dog’s character and experience, it can react with defensive behavior and growl or snap. You can prevent this by not simply allowing strollers and co. To stroke your dachshund. During the upbringing, care must be taken to ensure that your dog recognizes you as being of a higher rank and does not mean that you are restricting yourself.

Is a Dachshund Dangerous?

“When a dachshund looks in the mirror, he sees a lion.” Many people are sure to be familiar with this saying. A dachshund is brave and has the heart of a lion. He does not let himself be chased into the fenugreek so quickly and also faces greater dangers. But that doesn’t mean that a dachshund is also dangerous. He is no more or less dangerous than other dogs. At most for the game, which he used to help track down. If a dachshund shows aggressive behavior, this is due to poor upbringing or bad experiences.

Is the Dachshund Really Stubborn?

The dachshund is extremely self-confident. When he worked underground, he had to make decisions on his own. This independence coupled with courage helped the dachshund to survive when it came to a conflict with a fox or badger. He also doesn’t mind wandering around without his humans and is not as willing to bond as many other races. His autonomous nature has earned him a reputation for being stubborn. But every dachshund can be trained with a lot of patience and consistency. Here the owner simply has to have the bigger stubborn head.

Is a Dachshund a Family Dog?

Even if the dachshund was originally bred for hunting, nowadays it is mainly kept as a family and companion dog. He is one of the most popular breeds at all and not only in Germany. Anyone who wants to keep the Teckel as a family dog should attach great importance to good socialization and upbringing. So that a harmonious coexistence of the dachshund and its humans is possible.

Are Dachshunds Fond of Children?

Child and dachshund? Is this a good combination? But yes! Dachshunds are keen to move about, playful, and in need of cuddling. He will certainly get along great with the offspring and is very gentle and sweet. The breed also mostly loves all family members equally and also protects their people.

However, the upbringing of the animal is very important here. If the dachshund has been socialized lovingly and sensibly, it will develop into a being suitable for families. However, you should always give the dachshund a certain amount of freedom and not overuse its good-naturedness.

If the dachshund grows up together with children and it does not have any negative formative experiences, it can become a problem-free family dog. In general, it is advisable not to leave dogs and small children (especially not known to the dog) alone. If these basic rules are observed, the dachshund is also well suited as a family dog.

Who Will Be Happy With the Dachshund?

Even if the dachshund doesn’t look like it at first glance: He is active, playful, persistent, and likes to be part of the party. That is why it is particularly suitable for people who like to be outdoors and on the move. But in addition to walks, the dachshund also needs mental work to be busy and happy. So someone who understands the needs of a hunting dog would be ideal.

Is a Dachshund Good for Beginners?

The Dachshund may not be a classic beginner dog, but keeping it as a first-time dog is not impossible. So if you want to call a dachshund your own, you need motivation, ambition and it is best to work with a dog school so that mistakes cannot creep in in the first place.

Families will of course (as described above) also be happy with the little crooks. The dachshund likes all members of the family equally and is happy to receive attention.

Which Dachshund is Right for Me?

The basic features of the character and dachshund being are the same for all dachshund variants. So whether you choose a dachshund, dwarf dachshund, or rabbit dachshund depends on your personal taste. There are also different coat structures within the breed. So you have the choice between short-haired, wire-haired, and long-haired dachshunds. So whether you call a short-haired miniature dachshund or a wire-haired standard dachshund your own: the typical breed characteristics and traits remain the same. However, you should bear in mind that wire-haired also contains a small amount of terrier and a long-haired little spaniel.

The Dachshund and Other Pets

If you already have animals at home and the little dachshund comes along, he will probably take the other residents for granted and accept them. Allegedly. You should always be careful, especially when it comes to smaller animals such as hamsters, guinea pigs, and the like.

In addition, the dachshund can show the hunting instinct towards “strange” pets that do not live with it. So just because he accepts your cat, it doesn’t mean that the neighbors’ velvet paws need to be. Be especially careful if you have a dachshund and want to buy another animal.

Dachshund breed standard: which dachshunds are there? What types of dachshunds are there?

The Dachshund is an officially recognized dog breed by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale), which is bred in Germany by the registered dachshund club. The concrete classification is:

FCI Group 4, Section 1, Standard 148

According to this breed standard, the Dachshund has some distinctive anatomical features, which are briefly presented below.

Overall, the dachshund has a short, elongated, and very compact body shape. Even if it doesn’t seem so at first, the dachshund is very muscular.

The upright posture and the attentive look are meaningful for this hunting dog. Above all, the short legs are explicitly anchored in the breed standard: This is a targeted selection with regard to chondrodysplasia, which means a mutation of the skeletal system.

Due to the long back of the dachshund, dog sports such as agility are only recommended to a limited extent, as jumping often can be harmful to the dachshund’s back. It is also important to mention that black dachshunds without branding and white fur variations are explicitly excluded from the official breed standard.

How Big is a Dachshund?

The different Dachshund varieties are not grouped according to size (height at withers) but according to chest circumference. There is the following subdivision.

1) Dachshund: This is the largest form of the Dachshund. The dachshund has a chest size of over 35 cm, the upper weight limit is 9 kilograms.

2) Zwergteckel: The name already indicates a size difference to the dachshund. According to breed standards (see below), the chest circumference is between 30 and 35 centimeters.

3) Rabbit dachshund: This represents the smallest expression of the dog breed dachshund. The chest circumference of the rabbit dachshund is a maximum of 30 centimeters.

The multitude of breeds results from these orders of magnitude and the combination with the coat variations described above. Now it becomes understandable why the term dachshund is predominantly used in the hunter’s language: This small and agile shape is ideal for hunting underground buildings.

Why is the Wire-Haired Dachshund Used as a Hunting Dog?

Not only the wire-haired dachshund is suitable for hunting. Long-haired dachshunds and short-haired dachshunds are also used by hunters. The short-haired variant is even the most original. The wire-haired dachshund is probably so popular with hunters because it is more robust and, unlike the other types, has an undercoat, which makes it more weather-resistant. By the way: hunters and foresters most often use the standard dachshund in their work. Miniature and rabbit dachshunds now hardly play a role in hunting.

What is a Rabbit Dachshund?

The rabbit dachshund or rabbit dachshund is a subspecies of the dachshund. Other species include the standard dachshund and miniature dachshund. The grouping is based on chest size. All variants are available in 3 different fur variants: short-haired, long-haired, and rough-haired.

The rabbit dachshund is the smallest representative of the breed with a chest circumference (measured at 15 months) of a maximum of 30 cm.

The rabbit dachshund is, compared to the other two subspecies, a later breed and was specially bred to chase rabbits out of their burrows.

Why Do Dachshunds Have Short Legs?

Changes in the genetic material (mutations) ensure the short dachshund legs. These mutations (achondroplasia / chondrodysplasia) come from mother nature and are a form of short stature. The growth plates in the bones harden prematurely and thus hinder further growth. So nature has laid the foundation for short dog legs, but humans can further promote such characteristics through targeted breeding.

Why is the Dachshund So Long?

In achondroplasia (also called chondrodysplasia), growth is disturbed, but this not only results in the short dachshund legs mentioned above. In addition, it is important to distinguish between proportional achondroplasia (body and extremities are evenly smaller, such as in the Miniature Pinscher) and a disproportionate short stature. Here, the extremities in particular are affected by the disturbing growth in length. This is the case with the Dachshund. His body is almost “normal” in size, but his legs are simply too short in comparison. That’s why the dachshund looks so long.

Can a Dachshund Swim?

Yes. There are many dachshunds who like to splash around and swim in the water. But: Their short legs do not generate as much buoyancy as with long-legged dogs. So you have to work harder to stay afloat. That is why particular caution is required on bodies of water. Accompany your dachshund into the water or just let him play on the bank. If you would like to go swimming with a dachshund, you can take a life jacket for dogs with you as support. These provide more buoyancy.

What is the Name of the Dachshund?

Most know the breed under the name Dachshund, but Teckel is almost as common. At least everyone knows right away who is meant. Other names for the German crooked leg are:

  • Dachshund
  • Weenie Dog
  • Sausage Dog
  • Viennese

How Long Does a Dachshund Live?

Dachshund owners can look forward to it. Your companion will have a life expectancy of 12-16 years. How many pounds it counts, in the end, depends on many factors. A good parentage (healthy parent animals) is only half the battle.
The dachshund also needs a safe, dog-friendly, and loving home with a family connection. He needs adequate exercise, healthy dog food, and good medical care. These are the rough cornerstones of a beautiful and long dog life.

Prejudice Against the Dachshund

1. Difficult to educate

Partially right. A dachshund thinks for itself, a dachshund is smart and has a mind of its own. Some even claim that he is very stubborn. All of this is true to a certain extent. But this is not synonymous with “harder to educate”. It just takes a little more patience, more repetition, and more consistency. For many Dachshunds, food is an incentive to participate and sometimes owners need to get a little creative with their training. But every dog ​​can be trained. Dachshund or not. It might just take a little longer.

2. No freewheel possible

Partially right. The hunting instinct can be more or less strong. There are breeding dogs that are hunted and some that are purely family dogs. It is true, however, that this hunting instinct can sometimes make it difficult for the dachshund to run free. After all, he shouldn’t suddenly pursue his instincts in the forest or in the field and disappear. Here it is important to work on it early. Steering the hunting instinct in a regulated path and training the recall to perfection. If the dachshund gets his passion for hunting, then he has to be on the tow line to bring him back in an emergency.

3. Only for hunters

No. If this prejudice were correct, dachshunds would definitely not be in second place on the popularity scale at the moment (according to the VDH and based on their puppy statistics). The dachshund is (and always has been) a cult and a loyal and active companion. Teckel is also a smart, lovable, and valued family and companion dog. The number of puppies speaks for itself and the VDH even speaks of a real dachshund boom (as of 2020)

4. Dachshunds are not very willing to commit

Partially right. Anyone who looks at the original purpose of the dachshund will quickly understand that in addition to a certain amount of courage, a certain amount of independence was necessary for hunting underground. The hunter cannot intervene directly if the going gets tough. That is why many dachshunds have their own mind and like to make decisions for themselves. But that does not mean that there cannot be a close bond with the owner. With a lot of love, consistency, and patience, humans and dogs can very well become a good team. And Dachshunds enjoy being petted and the presence of their owners just as much as other breeds.

Why Do Dachshunds Bark So Much?

The dachshund is often said to bark a lot. A loud and piercing bark was indeed necessary for the dachshund to be noticeable underground and for the hunter to locate it. However, if your dachshund yaps nonstop at home, this is unfortunately often due to a lack of education. In the minds of many people, there is the prejudice that the dachshund is stubborn and therefore difficult to train. The result: many owners don’t even try. And if you have a naughty dog ​​in front of you as a result, you blame it on stubbornness again. A vicious circle. In addition, there is the error that the dachshund is not being used to capacity. He is a hunting dog and needs a job, a lot of activity, and exercise. Unfortunately, with many people, he only sits on the sofa or is a “lap dog”. By the way, one reason why there are often a lot of overweight Dachshunds.

The Dachshund as a Therapy Dog?

It is certainly not impossible to train a Dachshund as a therapy dog. But he is certainly not a classic example of a therapy dog ​​representative. Nevertheless, such a small crook has some advantages:

  • Patients are often less afraid of smaller dogs.
  • He is cute.
  • Dachshunds are playful.
  • It can be easily lifted onto a bed.
  • It can be placed on the lap.
  • He likes to be active and to work with.

Whether your dachshund is suitable for therapy dog work depends on many different factors. A pronounced hunting instinct or skepticism towards strangers, for example, would be more of a hindrance. The dog should be open-minded and people-friendly and should have had a solid basic education.

Upbringing and Early Socialization are Important for Temperament Formation

Although the dachshunds are inherited from the cradle, this alone is only half the battle. As the owner, you have a key role in deciding which character traits will be consolidated. This explains why good parenting is so important. So keep in mind that a dog can only be as well or badly trained as its owner allows it to be.

Factors influencing the later character of the dachshund are:

  • Housing conditions: If the dachshund is alone a lot, does it have a family connection, are there other pets)
  • What experiences did the four-legged friend have as a puppy and young dog (early imprinting and socialization): Were these positive, negative, or neutral?
  • What style of upbringing does the owner choose (punishments, positive reinforcement)?
  • Environmental influences
  • Did the owner already have a dog or was he able to gain experience with dogs in some other way?
  • What is the dog’s state of health?
  • What lifestyle does the owner maintain (active or couch potato)?
  • If the dog is mentally and physically busy (under-challenged dogs develop bad habits more often)
  • Is the dog sufficiently socialized?
  • Are special needs catered for or are traits steered in the desired path (e.g. hunting instinct)?

Nevertheless, it is of course important that the parent animals are of solid nature and do not show behavioral problems. A good breeder will pay attention to this and the judge will also take a close look at the character during the breeding suitability test, but you are also in demand. Find out about the breed, attend dog school with your Dachshund, and read a solid parenting guide. So that the wonderful character of the dachshund can unfold and delight you for years.

How Do Male and Female Dogs Differ in Terms of Their Nature?

There are actually some traits that can be found more often in male or female dogs. However, you should never rely on it when you are faced with the decision to bring a dachshund boy or a dachshund girl into your home. The essence cannot be generalized that easily.

It would be much more important if you asked the breeder for his opinion. He knows his gang of rascals and knows exactly who is the boss in the litter, who is holding back and in need of cuddling, or who is always the joker. He will make sure that you and your future puppy are a good match.

So forget about opinions like:

“Females are cuddly.”
“Females can be trained better.”
“Males always want to defend their territory and are more aggressive.”
“Males mark a lot and are stubborn.” Etc.

Just because you choose a dachshund lady doesn’t mean you have a cuddly dog by your side that is easy to train.

Speaking of training. When raising your puppy, it makes absolutely no difference which gender you ultimately chose. The training methods remain the same, of course.

State of Emergency Heat

But there is one essential difference. The dachshund bitch will (if not neutered) come into heat about twice a year. You can expect the first heat from the 6th month, but it can also take a few months longer. Perhaps you are one of the owners who do not even notice the first heat as such. Often this is a bit untypical. It takes a bit of time for the bitch’s body to adjust to the hormonal changes.

Over time you will learn when the time will come soon. You know your bitch well and will notice changes in behavior. How these turn out, however, is also completely different from animal to animal. Some get a bit bitchy during this time, others need more cuddles and still others suddenly show the cold shoulder. The bleeding intensity can also vary significantly. Some only lose a few drops or stay extremely clean, while other dachshund ladies drip in front of them.

These tips will help during this time:

  • Cover cups and other items with a towel that can be put in the whites.
  • Also, remember to protect your sofa if the dog is allowed to lie there.
  • Buy dog beds, blankets, and baskets that are washable or washable.
  • Pay more attention to hygiene.
  • Tiles can be wiped quickly and kept clean.
  • Roll up carpets and put them back down first after the heat.
  • Put protective panties on the dog if she is bleeding more. Get them used to it in good time.
  • You should not run free during this time.
  • If an unleashed male comes towards you, make the owner aware of the heat.

Some females develop pseudopregnancy and may even be able to secrete some milk. Such bitches often look for “replacement puppies” for mothers. This can be a toy, for example. The behavior doesn’t have to worry you and is perfectly normal. In the case of wolves, for example, this ensures that the puppies are cared for even when the mother animal is not there or has died.

And the Male Dachshund?

These can also undergo a change in behavior if they are not neutered and a bitch in heat in the neighborhood distributes her scented stamps. How strong this change is can also be very different from one individual to the next. It is quite possible that your dachshund is trying to sneak off the property or flee the apartment to get to his loved one. Some eat significantly less or are very restless. This can even go so far that the Dachshund man barks and howls. Gladly also at night and to the displeasure of the neighbors.

Will Neutering Change the Nature of My Dog?

An early castration before sexual maturity or shortly after the first heat affects the hormonal balance drastically. As a result, gender instincts can be suppressed or significantly weakened. For example, if a male dachshund is neutered very early, he will often behave neutrally towards bitches in heat.

However, these early interventions are very controversial. Hormones are important for healthy development and may also have a decisive influence on later social behavior. Apart from the fact that according to the Animal Welfare Act it is forbidden to castrate without a valid reason.

If you are considering neutering because your dachshund exhibits undesirable behavior, you may be disappointed. Because this operation is not a miracle cure and does not suddenly turn naughty four-legged friends into little angels. It can, but does not have to be, that the sex drive decreases, rivalries are reduced, less dominant behavior is shown or there is less potential for aggression after the castration. This is especially true for males who are only subjected to this procedure very late. Your essence hardly changes anymore.
So it’s better to find a good dog training school to work on the problems instead of making an appointment with the vet.

What are the Pros and Cons of Neutering?


  • Offspring is prevented. Very important if there are two or more dogs of the opposite sex in the same household.
  • No pseudo-pregnancy.
  • Uterine spread can be prevented.
  • No hormone fluctuations and associated behavioral changes.
  • Ovarian tumors are prevented.
  • If the female is castrated before or after the first heat, the risk of mammary tumors is significantly reduced.
  • Less care for the bitch and household during heat (but this alone should never be a reason for castration).


  • Skin and coat changes after the procedure.
  • Persistent (not just temporary) incontinence can occasionally occur.
  • Unwanted behavior is not stopped.
  • Tendency to be overweight.
  • Reduced urge to move due to the changed hormonal balance.
  • The risk of anesthesia and surgery cannot be dismissed out of hand.
  • Hypothyroidism is uncommon.
Mary Allen

Written by Mary Allen

Hello, I'm Mary! I've cared for many pet species including dogs, cats, guinea pigs, fish, and bearded dragons. I also have ten pets of my own currently. I've written many topics in this space including how-tos, informational articles, care guides, breed guides, and more.

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