Care and Health of the Xoloitzcuintle

The Mexican hairless dog, as the name suggests, has little or no fur. Naked Xolos may have small areas of their bodies covered with fur, such as their heads, ears, and tails.

Grooming is slightly different depending on the Xolo, as not all dogs have the same sensitive skin. Because Xolo’s don’t have a coat to protect them from the sun, infection, or dry skin, it’s important to groom the dog appropriately.

It is important to use gentle and unscented or unscented body moisturizing products, such as coconut oil or unscented baby lotion. This keeps the hairless dog’s skin nice and supple.

Since Xolo’s love the sun and therefore like to sunbathe, you should not forget to apply sunscreen to your hairless dog. Again, it is best to use gentle and odorless lotions. Light skin areas in particular should be well creamed. Due to the lack of fur, parasites such as fleas and ticks can be detected more quickly on the dog and are therefore easier to remove.

Since hormonal phases often go undetected in hairy dogs, they are directly visible in hairless dogs. This means that Xolo’s can also get blackheads or small pimples during puberty or during hormonal phases. These become fewer with age.

Attention: If the irritation does not go away, you should consult the veterinarian. Because it is easier for a hairless dog to catch skin infections and these should definitely be treated by a doctor.

In cold temperatures, the Mexican Hairless Dog Xolo will require body coverage such as a coat or sweaters. Preferably made of felt, as they can have an allergic reaction to wool.

Due to genetic hairlessness, this also leads to the genetic defect of having no, few, or not so good teeth. Despite the missing teeth, the naked four-legged friend gets along well with it in everyday life, because Xolo’s are masters of adaptation.

Tip: It is advisable to check your teeth regularly and brush them well.

Which is due to the origin of this dog breed. Apart from the anomaly of the bite, these dog breeds do not show any breed-typical diseases.

Better for allergy sufferers

Hairless dogs in general are often more suitable for allergy sufferers due to the lack of fur. However, they are not hypoallergenic. The missing hair is still an advantage for allergy sufferers, since dog allergens are often found in the dander.

Without fur, these particles cannot stick there and make it almost impossible for dog allergens to settle.


In order for your Mexican Hairless Dog to live a long and healthy life, you should give it a balanced diet. Eating plays an important role for him as he quickly loses weight as he uses more energy due to being hairless.

Xolo’s prefer wet food to dry food, which is probably due to the fact that it allows them to drink more fluids or that some teeth are missing.

Tip: If the temperature is very high, you can give your Xolo water containing minerals. This is how you avoid salt deficiency.
It is important to ensure that the Xolo drinks enough in the summer, as it loses a lot of liquid through its skin.

Life expectancy

A healthy and well bred Xolo can live up to 15 years as they should have few health problems or display abnormalities other than their teeth.

Activities with the Xoloitzcuintle

In order for the Xolo to lead a long and cognitively active life, there should not be a lack of varied exercise. Hiking, trying out new places or playing games in the park should help keep the dog cognitively fit above all. Exercise is important for the Mexican Hairless Dog right now, as they tend to gain weight at a faster rate. However, the Xolo quickly gets bored of dog sports.

The Mexican Hairless Dog prefers nice weather, which is why it is also called a sun worshiper. Again, this means that he doesn’t like bad weather like rain and prefers to stay indoors on the couch.

Due to the dog’s calm and gentle nature, the Xolo can live well in the city and apartment. With the large standard or medium Xolo’s it makes sense to have a garden or larger property to guard.

Mary Allen

Written by Mary Allen

Hello, I'm Mary! I've cared for many pet species including dogs, cats, guinea pigs, fish, and bearded dragons. I also have ten pets of my own currently. I've written many topics in this space including how-tos, informational articles, care guides, breed guides, and more.

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