Poodles are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain diseases. Not all poodles will get any or all of these diseases, but it’s important to know about them if you’re considering getting a poodle.
When buying a puppy you should find a good breeder who can show you health certificates for both puppy parents. Health certificates attest that the dog has been tested for and cleared of specific diseases.
For poodles, you should expect to be able to view health certificates from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia (with a rating between fair and better), elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and Willebrand-Juergens Syndrome; and from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF)” certifies that the eyes are normal. You can check the OFA website (offa.org)
Also known as hypoadrenocorticism, this extremely serious condition results from insufficient production of hormones by the adrenal glands. Most dogs with Addison's disease vomit, have poor appetites and are lethargic.
Since these symptoms are vague and can also indicate other diseases, it often happens that the disease is only diagnosed at a later stage. More serious signs occur when the dog is stressed or its potassium levels rise enough to affect its heart function, leading to severe shock and death. If Addison's is suspected, your vet will run a variety of tests to confirm the diagnosis.
Often referred to as bloat, this life-threatening condition affects large, deep-chested dogs like poodles, especially if they only eat one large meal a day, eat quickly, drink large amounts of water, or exercise excessively after eating. Bloating occurs when the stomach is distended, or filled with air, and twists.
The dog is unable to burp or throw up to get rid of the excess air in its stomach, and blood flow to the heart is difficult. Blood pressure drops and the dog goes into shock. Without prompt medical attention, the dog can die.
Expect a twisted stomach if your dog has a bloated stomach, drools profusely, and retches without throwing up. He may also be restless, depressed, lethargic, weak, and have a fast heartbeat. If you notice these symptoms, take your dog to the vet immediately.
This disease occurs when the body produces too much cortisol. This can be due to an imbalance in the pituitary or adrenal glands, or it can occur if a dog has too much cortisol due to other diseases.
Common signs include excessive drinking and urination. Should your poodle exhibit both of these symptoms, take him to the vet. There are treatment options for this disease, including surgery and medication.